学术诚信政策Academic Honesty Policy
The practice of academic dishonesty undermines the purpose of education and denies students’ right to their personal and academic integrity. KCIS East China believes that promoting academic honesty is the responsibility of the whole school community and thus attempts to encourage an academic environment facilitating healthy respect among students for the value of academic honesty. This academic honesty policy document outlines definitions, examples and consequences of malpractice as well as roles and responsibilities within the school community.
I. Definitions of Malpractice
The International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) expects Diploma Programme candidates to exercise academic honesty in all of their work, which includes acknowledging any sources used in written assignments. The IBO’s Regulations define malpractice as a behaviour that results in, or may result in, a candidate or any other candidates gaining an unfair advantage in one or more assessment components. Malpractice includes:
- Plagiarism - the representation of ideas or work of another person as one’s own
- Collusion - supporting malpractice by another candidate, as in allowing one’s work to be copied or submitted for assessment by another candidate
- Duplication of work - the presentation of the same work for different assessment components and/or IB Diploma requirements
- Misconduct during an examination, including the possession of unauthorized material
- Disclosing information to another candidate, or receiving information from another candidate, about the content of an examination paper within 24 hours after the examination
II. Examples of Malpractice
The following examples of malpractice do not constitute an exhaustive list and refer only to written examinations:
- Using information from the Internet – either directly or in a restated form – without acknowledging the sources. This also includes photos, music, graphs, maps and the like.
- Copying one sentence or more from a book, the Internet or somewhere else without acknowledging the source in quotation marks and in the bibliography.
- Using 5 to 8 words in a row from a book, the Internet or somewhere else without acknowledging the source constitutes plagiarism
- Translating a source in one language into another and presenting the translated piece as one’s own ideas
- Taking unauthorized material into an examination room (such as a cell/mobile phone and/ or written notes)
- Leaving and/or accessing unauthorized material in a bathroom/restroom that may be visited during an examination
- Misconduct during an examination, including any attempt to disrupt the examination or distract another candidate
- Exchanging information or in any way supporting the passing on of information to another candidate about the content of an examination
- Failing to comply with the instructions of an invigilator or other member of the school’s staff responsible for the conduct of an examination
- Impersonating another candidate
- Stealing examination papers
- Using an unauthorized calculator during an examination, or using a calculator when one is not permitted for the examination paper
- Disclosing or discussing the content of an examination paper with a person outside the immediate school community within 24 hours after the examination
III. Investigation and Consequences of Malpractice
The IBO explicates detailed guidelines that our school must follow when a DP candidate is suspected of academic dishonesty on a DP assessment. Academic dishonesty matters are referred to the IB Office and the principal of the Secondary International Department, which is the responsibility of every individual within KCIS East China. Any suspected breaches of academic integrity standards are investigated in an open and fair way. The IB Office will make a recommendation to the principal as whether or not a case is one of ‘academic dishonesty’, or of an ‘academic infringement’ in line with the IBO’s Regulations. The Principal will decide the outcome of the case. The suspected student has the right to reply to the allegation and discuss the matter with the IB Office and/or the principal.
If the student is found guilty of ‘academic infringement’, this results in a zero or ‘no credit’ on the component or part of the component attempted or completed through cheating but the student is still eligible for a grade in the course. If the student is found guilty of ‘academic malpractice’ (e.g. plagiarizing an Extended Essay or cheating on an IB examination), s/he will not be awarded the IB Diploma.
I. Assessment Policy Implementation at KCIS East China
Once accepted in IB Diploma Programme at KCIS East China, students work with their teachers to acquire shared agreement on cheating, plagiarism, collusion and other forms of academic dishonesty. In other words, in such an environment respecting academic honesty, students will know that teachers will not ignore or condone cheating, plagiarism or other acts of academic dishonesty. Students will also know that teachers, administrators, and parents/ guardians will hold them accountable for any act of academic dishonesty.
1) Responsibilities of pedagogical leadership team
The IB Office establishes guidelines and procedures of prevention, detection, investigation and reporting of malpractice in the Diploma Programme and ensures that students understand academic honesty, receive guidance on academic research and writing and know the consequences of malpractice. Such guidelines and procedures are communicated with students, teachers, administrators and parents/ guardians periodically in written and oral manners.
2) Responsibilities of teachers
All DP subject teachers and related supervisors/ advisors/ coordinators are expected to be clear about the school’s academic honesty policy and subsequently instruct students on issues of academic honesty, including engaging students in activities to explain plagiarism and how to cite references to avoid plagiarizing others’ work. Teachers also clarify the difference between approved collaboration and prohibited collusion. In collaboration with the school librarians, teachers facilitate the development of training sessions and resources for academic research and writing including the proper use of referencing systems and ways to summarize, paraphrase and quote. Teachers shall model good academic practice by practicing appropriate citation of sources in written teaching material and class presentations. They are required to check/ review written assignments for violations by using plagiarism detection software and confirm their authenticity.
3) Responsibilities of students
Students take the responsibility for doing their fair share of a collaborative assignment. If collaboration is not specified, work must be completed on students’ own. Students needs to ensure that all work submitted is authentic with full and correct acknowledgement of others’ work and ideas. DP candidates are required to provide their signatures on all work submitted to the IBO for assessment to confirm the authenticity of the work.
4) Responsibilities of parents/ guardians
Parents/ guardians are encouraged to read and understand this academic honesty policy document and facilitate students to understand the value of personal integrity and honesty.References
IBO (2011). Academic honesty. Wales: Cardiff.
Caroll, J. October 2012. Academic honesty in the IB.